Synthetic Madness


In the past year, store-bought synthetic drugs, such as bath
salts and spice, have been in the limelight for a range of bizarre
crimes
and unfortunate hospitalizations. For one unlucky
teen
, synthetic marijuana led to a visit to the
ICU. What started out as an attempt to sleep off a simple migraine left her
waking up in a state of violent delirium. After having been sedated for several
days and having a hole drilled in her skull to relieve pressure build-up, an
MRI scan revealed that she had suffered from multiple strokes. Now blind and
going through occupational, physical, and speech therapy, her family has started
a synthetic awareness program called SAFE to warn parents and users of
the harm these drugs can potentially cause.

What’s most unsettling is that this isn’t just an isolated
case of a synthetic marijuana experience gone wrong. There were a whopping
11,406 cases of hospital visits in 2010 alone, the majority of them kids aged
from 12 to 17 years old. Spice and other varieties of the drug have been known to
cause an array of adverse side-effects, including elevated heart rates, elevated blood
pressure, tremors and seizures, paranoid and violent behavior, loss of
consciousness, brain swelling, and even death. 

With these effects in mind, the county
of Hillsborough, Florida
is looking to ban the possession, sale, and
manufacturing of all headshop, convenience store, and gas station bought
synthetics stating that, “synthetic drugs may be more potent and dangerous than
the controlled substances they are designed to mimic due to the unapproved
chemicals and chemical compounds contained within them.” But Florida’s not
alone. About 41 other states have passed measures comparable (but to a somewhat
lesser degree) to what Hillsborough is now ratifying. However, these measures haven’t
slowed down manufacturers of spice or bath salts as they consistently tweak the
chemical formula and sell it under false pretenses (incense, potpourri, and
other household items) to avoid legal persecution.

So where’s the root to all this madness? According to Jacob
Sullum, the desire to alter one’s consciousness is a natural drive of human nature,
and if you look across cultures throughout history, you’ll consistently
find that people discover ways to alter their consciousness via drugs or
other methods. No matter what regulations are put forth, people are going to
alter their consciousness, whether it be with cigarettes and alcohol, bath salts and spice, or meditation and yoga. 

Currently, marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug in the
United States, and is found to be one of the safest mind-altering, not to mention
medicinal, substances to date. But due its Schedule I status and the booming
industry of drug testing, Americans are scared to be persecuted for their use of
the herb. It’s precisely this fear that gave rise to the synthetic market; these
drugs are hard to test for, convenient to buy, and slightly mimic the drug they
try to copy so that people can use them without worrying about losing their
jobs.

Fortunately, with the demystification and growing support
for the marijuana movement, it looks like the days of prohibition are coming to
an end. Already 18 states have passed legislation for medicinal use and two
have just recently passed measures legalizing recreational use. Despite all
the good news, marijuana is still illegal at the federal level. 

With the
recent congressional proposals by two politicians, Jarid Lois and Earl
Blumenauer, defederalization
of the plant
might just be around the corner. These legislative measures
would allow states to regulate marijuana as they see fit, reschedule it under
Title 27 of the US code (provisions for intoxicating beverages), cease the
DEA’s involvement in marijuana enforcement, allow federal permits for commercial
growers, and collect tax revenue on its sales. Hopefully this measure becomes
authorized and other states follow suit with the initiatives of Colorado and
Washington so that these synthetics fall out of popularity with the public.

As marijuana proliferates, it's possible that we will begin to experience a gradual cultural shift away from a
patriarchal, gangster, war-obsessed, divisionary-minded attitude to a more
holistic, cosmically responsible, peace-oriented mindset.

Image by Fort Sill Cannoneer, courtesy of Creative Commons licensing