The Magickal Oil of Hashish

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“Nothing is true. Everything is permitted.” ~Hassan-i

have cultivated and consumed the flowering tops of the female cannabis plant,
colloquially known as marijuana,
since virtually the beginning of recorded history. Cannabis-based textiles
dating to 7,000 B.C.E have been recovered in northern China, and the plant’s
use as a medicinal and mood altering agent dates back nearly as far.

In 2008,
archeologists in Central Asia discovered over two pounds of cannabis in the
2,700-year-old grave of an ancient [caucasian] shaman. After scientists
conducted extensive testing on the material’s potency, they affirmed,
“[T]he most probable conclusion … is that [ancient] culture[s]
cultivated cannabis for pharmaceutical, psychoactive, and divinatory

Like the famous quote
from Hassan-i Sabbah, a legendary hashish hero, the history of cannabis
concentrates is fraught with paradox, mystery, magic and intention.  For example, in 2008, the 2700 year old
caucasian mummy, likely a shaman, was found with two pounds of cannabis extract
in the Gobi desert of China, of all places.

Also, Hassan-i Sabbah, an ancient
Persian mystic from the 11th century, was said to have lured candidates into
his army of assassins by having them ingest hash oil and giving
them women and riches while elated and satiated until they became loyal
devotees.  (wikipedia)

There are even
recipes for a holy anointing oil in the Bible within Exodus 30, saying,
“Then the LORD said to Moses, “Take the following fine spices: 500
shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (that is, 250 shekels) of fragrant
cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant cane, 24 500 shekels of cassia — all
according to the sanctuary shekel — and a hin of olive oil. Make these into
a sacred anointing oil, a fragrant blend, the work of a perfumer. It will be
the sacred anointing oil. . . . “Anoint Aaron and his sons and consecrate them so
they may serve me as priests.”

Skunkpharm, one of America’s leading researchers and educational
resources on cannabis, argues that the “cassia” listed in the above
recipe was commonly known as cannabis in the day in which it was written.  This implies that ancient Christian
priests were anointing their bodies with marijuana oils.

This theory is made more intriguing
when considering the famous Oil of Abramelin of the revered and damned Aleister
Crowley, of British fame as a magician and trickster during the late
1800’s.  The magical work of
Abramelin was an ancient and complex six month ritual used to bring the
magician to into full knowledge and conversation with his/her Holy Guardian
Angel (True Will in this life) by invoking and banishing all of the angels and
demons of Solomon’s Temple.  The
aspirant was duly required to use the Oil of Abramelin in this and many other
rituals.  The recipe for this oil
is very close to the one listed in Exodus:

“A recipe for Abramelin oil using essential oils is as

  • half
    part cinnamon essential oil
  • 1
    parts myrrh essential oil
  • 1
    part calamus essential oil
  • 1
    part cassia essential oil
  • one-quarter
    of the foregoing total weight olive oil” (
  • As Crowley was a famous
    advocate of hash (and of leaving out important magical details), as made
    obvious in his book, “Diary of a Drug Fiend,” the possibility of this
    hidden ingredient comes as little surprise. Furthermore, “The Holy Oil is the Aspiration of the Magician; it is that which
    consecrates him to the performance of the Great Work [Knowledge and
    Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel]; and such is its efficacy that it also
    consecrates all the furniture of the Temple and the instruments thereof. It is
    also the grace or chrism; for this aspiration is not ambition; it is a quality
    bestowed from above. For this reason the Magician will anoint first the top of
    his head before proceeding to consecrate the lower centres in their turn (…)
    It is the pure light translated into terms of desire. It is not the Will of the
    Magician, the desire of the lower to reach the higher; but it is that spark of
    the higher in the Magician which wishes to unite the lower with itself.”
    (wikipedia, oil of Abramelin).
  • “According to some scholars, cannabis was an
    ingredient of holy anointing oil mentioned in various sacred Hebrew texts. The
    herb of interest is most commonly known as kanah-bosim (?????-??????) (the
    singular form of which would be kaneh-bos which is mentioned several times in
    the Old Testament as a bartering material, incense, and an ingredient in holy
    anointing oil used by the high priest of the temple. The Septuagint translates
    kaneh-bosm as calamus, and this translation has been propagated unchanged to
    most later translations of the old testament. However, Polish anthropologist
    Sula Benet published etymological arguments that the Aramaic word for hemp can
    be read as kannabos and appears to be a cognate to the modern word ‘cannabis’
    with the root kan meaning “reed” or hemp and bosm meaning
    “fragrant”. Both cannabis and calamus are fragrant, reedlike plants
    containing psychotropic compounds. Biblical scholars appear to be divided on
    the subject; most reject the cannabis hypothesis, and others affirm it.”

The ability for hash
oil to soak into the dermal layer and penetrate deeply and quickly and have
profound topical and oral affects explains why the priests, magicians, and
shamans of the ages have been carrying it, cultivating it, and applying it to
their bodies, foreheads, and magical objects for protection and
illumination.  The high associated
with oral use of cannabis extract also explains the reverence for the oil in a
nearly religious sense.

The most recent
findings listed in NORML data online illustrate
that hash oil, as well as straight cannabis smoke, have numerous well-documented
health benefits, including successfully treating brain tumors, arthritis, and
gastrointestinal reflux.  The more
data that is revealed in standard Western scientific studies to substantiate
hash oil as powerful antioxidant, anti-carcinogen, the more modern people begin
to understand why this potent medicine was in the bag of many ancient shamans.

My recent foray into
researching cannabis concentrates led me to the Bay area dispensaries, to Los
Angeles, to Humboldt and Trinity counties, and to an underground competitive
cup of hash oils.  I discovered
that while the cannabis extraction (wax and oil) market has overtaken the hash
one in popularity, the information in online threads was often contradictory and
incorrect, the popular trends in concentrates commonly misguided, and the
methods of extracting often dangerous and producing products possibly unfit for

Because the
California law conflicts itself, it is difficult to find validated information
or open sharing on production techniques.
It is also true that some methods of extraction are guarded by those who
have cornered sections of the market.
Realistically, the legal restrictions in California only further the
dangers of ill-conceived production, rather than preventing explosions, common
to inexperienced producers.

stated by the Delta 9 Collective, “Some contradiction and confusion lies in the exact legalities of
hash oil, honey oil and other types of hash made from solvents such as
isopropyl alcohol and butane gas. The production (meaning making) of hash and
honey oil is illegal, even under California’s medical laws. This is due to the
fact that unless the proper safety steps are utilized, making concentrate oils
with solvents can prove somewhat dangerous. However, hash and honey oil is
covered under Prop. 215 and SB 420 as a type of hash. This means that
dispensaries are able to sell it and you, the patient, are able to buy and
possess it, but it remains illegal to make it.”

This is a perfect example of the
doublespeak in current California Marijuana law.  How can we legally possess, smoke, and sell concentrates if
it is illegal for ANYONE to make them?!
This law not only supports disinformation by promoting fear among the
makers of concentrates, but also limits information about properly producing
them, leading to MORE, not less dangerous procedures.  Again, this elusive product is historically steeped in
controversy and cloaked with the cloudy words of legalese.

In researching the
market of concentrates, I found massive amounts of disinformation and extreme
resistance to scientific fact.  The
madness of a market driven by trends rather than facts is infuriating for an
educated person.  While in LA at a
hash convention, my friend and I smoked a dab of wax from a kiosk and both had
immediate hot flashes and restriction in breathing, likely because the product
was full of impurities or refined chemical fertilizer from an indoor grow.  Furthermore, some of the wax on the
market at dispensaries is not actually tested before sale and may still contain

I witnessed a friend sell
wax to a dispensary who claimed they would immediately “test” it,
only to walk back in the door half an hour later and see it on the shelf for
sale.  In fact, one 60 year old
friend who has been making wax for 30 years, told me that he made blonde wax
(without using any heat to purge the butane, preserving the color), and had it
lab tested, while it solely laid out on a table in a cool room, every month for
six months before the lab found it to be butane free.  This shows that the preference for wax that is blonde in
color is a misguided one, because that can signify that it still contains butane
and likely other impurities, depending on the extraction methods.

I visited nearly 40
dispensaries in the Bay area and Los Angeles and found everything from simple
one room stores to vast glass cases full of historical bongs used by rock
stars, to wax bars stocked with cereal bowls full of varying substances, from
honeycomb to shard to puffy blonde cake.
Many of the salespeople were helpful, while others were clearly
misinformed about the products.

When I questioned one salesperson about her odd vitamin-style gelcap
CBD product, she could only tell me it was “weed.”  I asked if it was wax or some other
form of concentrate and she said, “No, you can’t eat wax.”  This is contrary to my experience as
I’ve eaten copious amounts of wax and oil, rubbed it all over my body in oils,
sprays, and tinctures, inside and out to successfully treat everything from
menstrual cramps to muscle spasms to insomnia.

To hear a counterperson insist that hash oil is not edible
was shocking.  This, however, was
not the first misconception I came across.  Another retail person told me that wax cannot be heated over
90 degrees during the production.
Again, I stared in disbelief.
I have friends in tropical climates that make wax all day in
temperatures above 90 degrees.

Cannabis does not vaporize until heated well over 100 degrees, although
oxidation, which merely affects the color of the wax, can occur at lower
temperatures.  The market’s
insistence on blonde crumbly wax created at very low heat and humidity seems
purely cosmetic.  And, while
crystal extractions may be easier to sprinkle upon a joint, there is nothing
wrong with gooey oil or crumbly concentrate, especially if you are dabbing or
vaporizing in a pen.

I recently discovered
hash oil while vacationing after a particularly stressful few months.  My friend took me to the tropics and
handed me endless hash oil-laced joints.
It worked.  I noticed after
a few days that it worked better than I expected, as many of my aches and pains
went away and my perpetual slight joint pain miraculously disappeared.  My cells began to feel
inflammation-free, and my mind calm.

I noticed through my own felt sense that wax, being an essential oil
concentrate, free of mold, mildew, and other impurities, is the most potent
form of medical cannabis.  I began
to research this discovery and found much data and anecdotes to support my
feelings.  I even found that
several people have successfully treated infants with brain tumors by putting
hash oil on their pacifiers twice a day until the children went into complete
remission.  The most famous
incident of childhood brain tumor remission, is that of Cash Hyde, in Missoula,
Montana.  The infant had an
inoperable brain tumor and as his father said, “Cash proves that cannabis is true
medicine. It saved his

He was on adult doses of morphine and other narcotics, and they were killing
him. All of his organs had been fried by the chemo,” Mike said, adding that
doctors told him that brain damage was unavoidable at that point.”


Also, “Before we started the hemp
oil, he was not getting better. His skin was bright red and pealing like a
snake. You couldn’t touch him. His doctors said that was the best quality of
life they could offer and that we should expect him to get worse. They said
whatever you see on the outside is also happening on the inside to his organs.
They told me his odds of living through it without major brain or organ damage
was slim to none. They said he would be on dialysis the rest of his life.
Today, his liver and kidneys are at 100 percent.”

Sadly, the story ended in tragedy when
the Montana family could no longer obtain hash oil when the Feds cracked down
on local dispensaries and Cash died in 2011. “And while it was cancer that killed him, it was a 2011
change in Montana state law that denied him 73 days of access to the
medicine that had kept him alive to that point. That medicine was cannabis,
which Mike Hyde administered to his son at the risk of federal and state prison

As I synthesized all of this information, I
began to really grasp what a magical substance this cannabis essential oil is,
and why the ancients have used it for millennia for healing, protection and
purification.  For further
reference from High Times on medical benefits of hash oil in effectively
treating addiction, “Another of Denver’s extraction experts is Daniel “Big D” de
Sailles, a partner at Top Shelf Extracts, who isn’t quite as skeptical. “I’m a
100 percent proponent of BHO [butane hash oil], because I’ve seen it make
people’s pain just evaporate,” he states. “As medicine, it helps with both harm
reduction — it practically cures withdrawal symptoms in people who are
alcoholics or addicted to speed or pharmaceuticals — and pain management. It
works every single time, and it’s easier to regulate your dosage. You take a
fraction of a percent of a gram, and you’re fully medicated and exactly where
you want to be.”(  This was reiterated to me in an
anecdotal story of one dispensary that gave free hash oil to meth addicts, with
an extremely high recovery rate over time.

Several months ago my
close friend made his first large batch of wax with a man who learned from his
uncle while in his teens.  I tagged
along and witnessed the process with an amused curiosity.  My friend who is now in his 30’s,
explained to me that the wax market has changed drastically since he
began.  While once $100/gram, it is
now sold in dispensaries for $40-60 a gram and bought wholesale from the buyer
for $12-20/gram.

A market once
full of nearly black gooey oil in medical syringes is now full of blonde cakey
concentrates, crumbly waxes, orange crystals and shining amber shards of hard
shatter.  What the market misses is
that these products are essentially the same, (albeit with varying flavors and
THC and CBD ratios), only presented in different enticing textures and

One differentiating factor
is the form that the patient chooses to ingest the product — from dab, to
smoking, to vaporizing.
Nevertheless, what I learned from the old-timer previously mentioned is
that bho appearing blonde in color is sometimes still chock full of butane,
because the purging process often oxidizes it enough to darken the

The popularity of this
blonde product stumped me at first because my friend’s product was refined for
weeks and still left a dark amber color, although blonde when first
extracted.  The freshness and
purity of the original material also affects the color, as excess waterleaves
in trim and aging or rotting shake will darken the product.  It is also true that different strains
affect the final color outcome, as OG strains often appear darker while SD
strains often produce a lighter shade of wax.  Another factor is that outdoor weed, which is always higher
in CBD and antioxidant properties because it is grown in the elements and
withstands the stress of natural existence, usually creates a darker oil than
indoor weed.  Again, this ironically,
supports the darker oils as equal if not superior products.

My friends bought an
eight ounce stainless steel three chamber Tamisium closed system essential oil
extractor, coffee filters, brillo pads (which they soon discarded for micron
filters), fans, heating pads, two vacuum pumps, two desiccation chambers, an
Excalibur food dehydrator, a cooler, hot plate, and a lot of small buds and
shake and began their grand experiment in BHO (butane hash oil) extraction
several months ago.

The investment
on equipment was steep, but worth every penny for the extra safety and high
quality product.  They chose a
closed system extraction process because of the danger of blasting butane into
the air, the number of explosions reported over the last few months in hotel
rooms and houses leaving people with 3rd degree burns on their faces and hands,
and the ecological and cost-saving benefits of recapturing butane.

Shockingly, as written in Wired
in February of this year, “FEMA posted a rather
unexpected alert in
its emergency services bulletin titled “Hash Oil Explosions Increasing Across
US.” Alongside more quotidian warnings of cyber terrorism and industrial
vapor clouds, it described an uptick in explosions at apartments and hotel
rooms involving “a process using butane to extract and concentrate compounds
from marijuana,” destructive incidents that FEMA warned could even be
mistaken for pipe bomb or meth lab explosions.”

it takes nearly 45 minutes to recapture butane in an eight ounce machine, the
wait results in safety and peace of mind.
The Tasmisium extractor is argued to be the simplest and most efficient
extractor of its kind on the market and can be used for any essential oil from
hash, to lavender, to rosehip.

After many hours of
purifying their wax in vacuum chambers and hot water baths, they chose to
winterize it by further cleansing the butane with Everclear.  They began by filling mason jars 10 to 1
(as recommended by the godly Skunkpharm lab, one of the few accurate sources of
scientific information on oil), and freezing it for 48 hours.  Because they didn’t have a freezer on
hand, they filled a cooler with dry ice and put the product into a deep freeze
for 48 hours, separating out the waxes, chlorophyll, and plant material from
the oil.

From research, I expected
the process to lighten the color of the product (to please the trendy market),
and make it more palatable for sale to a dispensary at a higher price.  The end product, after straining
through organic coffee filters and Element rolling papers, was actually only
slightly lighter in shade, an amber color, but highly refined to the point that
the process was noticeable upon smoking.

Vaporizing BHO that has been treated with this much care and further
processed through winterization is a treat in taste and high.  Although some of the original flavor of
the strain is lost in winterization, the product feels very clean when puffing
and elevates the mind to a pleasant and calm state, knowing that all impurities
have been excessively purged.
Also, post-winterization, the product is easier to use in the newly
popular vaporizing pens because it doesn’t gum up the mechanism with wax.

Another misconception
I came across in the hash oil market is that of butane versus CO2.  The hippie market of San Francisco has
an increasing desire for CO2 oil, believing it to be cleaner and free of the
possibly carcinogenic impurities of butane and its neighboring chemicals,
especially in the form of lighter fluid.
N-Butane is free of other chemical impurities, but more difficult to
attain in small amounts and harder to explain to a gas company upon

Most head shops sell
lighter oil butane by the case, but none sell giant tanks of N-Butane.  CO2 is quite another story.  The contraptions to make CO2 hash oil
are expensive, rare, hard to acquire, and, therefore, difficult to receive
training on proper usage.  There are
really only a handful of CO2 hash oil producers in the country, all of whom are
making bank off their product and off the concept that it is somehow
“cleaner” than BHO.
Although it’s golden liquid is coveted, I have found little evidence to
scientifically explain the advantage of CO2 over BHO oil.

Bobby Black outlines this longterm
discussion in his well-written recent article in High Times.  “To Dab or not To Dab?.”  “I looked through the National Library of Medicine database on
this, and there isn’t any evidence that inhaling residual hydrocarbons like
butane are dangerous — at least in small amounts,” says Dr. Melamede. And,
“”BHO has been around since the year 2000, so people have been dabbing for
a decade now and there haven’t been any real problems reported yet.”

Furthermore, one producer of CO2 oil
told me that another element is often used to keep the CO2 viscous enough for
vaporizing pens, when it is made to put into their refillable cartridges.  Ironically, some producers use
glycerine for this purpose, while others use, none other than, propylene
glycol, an FDA approved petroleum product which liberals have railed against
for years.

Another reputable source is David McGhee, the
scientist owner of the Tamisium closed system essential oil extractor company
himself.  On his company webpage in
the Q & A section, he answers a customer, “The
answer is yes you can use CO2 in this system only if you do not keep it a
closed system. Allowing the pressure to escape from the bottom tank will leave
you with a CO2 or Nitrogen or Oxygen only extraction capability. But why would
you want to use such a low efficient, lower yielding hard to manage High
Pressure GAS or High Pressure Liquid solvent when you could use liquid butane
which evaporates 100% clean and is non toxic as well and can be recovered. If
the FDA will allow it to be used to spray cooking oil into your skillet over an
open flame then I would steer clear of the more exotic low performance solvents
and stick with the high performance solvent. You can use Butane as the
extraction solvent, carrier solvent, transport solvent as a liquid and then
vaporize it away and or recover it. How much more performance do you need
without any detection it was ever used in any phase of the extraction

He also points out
that CO2 extraction is dangerous, the systems harder to attain, which usually
means there is little to no professional “training” available, and
that CO2 is always a dual solvent process anyway.  Back to the drawing board…. Finding all of this information
certainly left me amazed when walking into dispensaries to see CO2 oil on the
shelves for TWICE the price of BHO, all at the cost of the public’s ignorance
on the topic.

Again, in this
research of my new favorite product, I was unsettled by the naivety of the hash
oil market in being swayed to overpay for CO2 oil, while overlooking BHO as
“impure.”  What I have
found to be true is that the lighter shades of BHO may be impure, as little heat
was used to purge them and they may not be purged long enough to pass
testing.  This only means that
suppliers should develop rapport with their buyers and get the product
regularly tested.

Heat and vacuum
purging rapidly increase the rate of butane vaporization.  I do feel that the winterization
process leaves the product nearly 100% purged of impurities, though it is
difficult to find continual evidence as each batch must be tested.  One dispensary I visited claimed that
they test BHO until there are only zeros up to five numbers past the decibel in
butane particle presence.

BHO should be tested and purged but I believe there is very little evidence
that it is dangerous to the consumer.
The incidents I have found of people suffering from illnesses after
smoking BHO were all anecdotal, with zero scientific evidence to support
them.  I have seen no medical
warning from any validated source on the topic.  Again, as Bobby Black, in High Times reiterated, we smoke
weed using butane lighter fluid to light our bowls all the time — it is not a
new presence.

One of the most
interesting developments in the hash oil industry is the popularity of Rick
Simpson oil
.  Rick Simpson has been
advocating hemp oil as a cancer cure for over a decade, and tirelessly
delivering hemp oil in plastic syringes free to cancer patients.  He cured his own metastatic skin cancer
in 2003 using hemp oil internally.

He states,”Don’t expect a doctor
working inside the system to buck the system. The risks are still too
great! The advice she or he offers you is controlled by the large medical
industry that makes its money from expensive cancer fighting drugs and
treatments. It is an industry that doesn’t look favorably on natural
supplements or other cancer treatments that they cannot patent or make a large
profit from. Years from now the current conventional cancer treatments used by
doctors will on the whole be viewed in the same light that we view the old
medical practice of blood letting to cure illnesses.”

“He has met an absurd amount of opposition and
lack of support from Canadian authorities, as well as pharmaceutical companies,
government agencies for health, and UN offices. Despite that fact, Rick
Simpson has successfully treated over 5,000 patients
(free of charge), and
believes that all forms of disease and conditions are treatable. He states that
it is common to have all types of cancer and diseases cured with the use of
high quality hemp oil as a treatment.” He also has found that regular use of
hemp oil often makes people feel 20-30 years younger.

In addition, hash oil
can be made with very low THC, high CBD strains that result in a refined
antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic product for treating multiple serious illnesses
while retaining an ordinary state of consciousness.  This is clearly a wave of the future in medical
treatment.  I even recently heard
that scientists have successfully developed methods for fully separating out
the THC from the plant, leaving only pure CBD extract.

However, as an advocate of herbal
medicine, I wonder about the value of picking and choosing elements from
nature’s apothecary with a modern and efficient disdain for all of nature’s
complexity.  While essential oils
concentrate the purest elements of plants, chemical replication and separation
play God with nature’s bounty, like GMO crops, separating out one affect or
another at will.  Over and over, we
seem to find that tinkering too much with nature brings us back to her in the
end.  And, although we have bred
cannabis to be massively high in THC, I do believe that the presence of THC is
a helpful aspect of this medicine for the rapid pace of our modern culture.

Again, I think of the
brilliant yet controversial Crowley, who single-handedly synthesized many of
the world’s magical belief systems, from kabbalah to the Tao Te Ching, to
Catholicism, into a sort of pantheistic practice and presented the information
in charts of magical correspondence.
He did not “take out” the dark and scary parts, he brought
them all in.  He did not turn away
from the demons, the shadows of the psyche, or the THC and color of hash oil,
he called them all out by name, each by each, and integrated them.

Similar in magical resonance in respect
to nature’s apothecary, I believe Westerners are only beginning to bridge the
gaps between ancient holistic knowledge and modern linear thinking with
scientific proof and legal support.
I believe that ancient Christian priests may have anointed themselves
bodily with hash oil and covered their sacred objects in its magical residue
and that ancient European shamans carried cannabis concentrates across giant
mountains for a damned good reason.

We are just beginning to relearn what these people already knew;
cannabis oil is a truly magical substance that has stood the test of time and
is capable of healing a variety of maladies — physical and psychological,
mental and spiritual.  As I drop a
dab into my vaporizing pen and puff, I would be wise to pray to the hash gods,
for they have certainly withstood the test of time.

Online Resources

news report on 2700 yr old shaman mummy with hash.

old Caucasian shaman mummy found in China with marijuana.


Sabbah, an ancient Persian figure revered for his mystical and military powers
and use of hash oil.

on Holy Anointing Oil from Exodus, the Bible on Skunkpharm’s website.

of this country’s leading sources of accurate information on cannabis
extraction and research.

Wikipedia on Abramelin oil, British ceremonial
magician, Aleister Crowley’s recommended anointing oil for magickal

educated sounding evidence behind the mistranslation of cannabis into
“cassia/calamus,” due to translation.

website and specifically its long list of Western studies using marijuana and
extracts to successfully treat illness.

the Law.  Hash and Concentrates.

Independent article on Cash Hyde, the famous child who went into remission from
an inoperable brain tumor using hash oil.

SF Weekly article on Cash Hyde and the tragedy of his death due to
inaccessible medicine.  (There are
MANY articles on this case).

FEMA issues warnings about BHO open system explosions taking out hotel
rooms, apartments, and leaving 3rd degree burns on people who are often

Bobby Black’s excellent High Time’s article on hash oil.

of Tamisium closed system extractors for making essential oils.

A Tamisium Extractor is the first commercially produced
low temperature, low pressure extractor designed to use a liquid hydrocarbon as
the primary extracting solvent and RECOVER IT for reuse safely, easily and
(Rick Simpson book website)

Simpson book website

information on Rick Simpson’s mission.

for Safe Access – key up-to-date information on marijuana policy.

Image by Symic, courtesy of Creative Commons license.

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Microdosing nasal spray with psilocybin, is that possible?! Oregan a start-up Silo Wellness believes so and has created this new option for PTSD treatment.

Mazatec Mushroom Usage: Notes on Approach, Setting and Species for Curious Psilonauts
A look at traditional Mazatec psilocybin mushroom usage, and a comparison to the cliniical therapeutic approach, with an examination of the Mazatec setting and species used in veladas.

María Sabina: The Mazatec Magic Mushroom Woman
Magic mushrooms are incredibly popular today. How they became introduced to into American culture isn’t usually a topic discussed while tripping on psilocybin fungi. We all may have María Sabina to thank for exposing the Western world to the healing properties of the psilocybin mushroom.

Guide to Magic Mushroom Strains
Are there different types of psilocybin? Read our guide to learn about the different magic mushroom strains and their individual effects.

Kilindi Iyi: Mycologist, Traveler, Teacher
Learn about traveler and mycologist Kilindi Iyi known in the psychedelic community for his research and exploration of psilocybin.

How to Store Shrooms: Best Practices
How do you store shrooms for optimal shelf life? Learn how and why the proper storage method is so important.

Shroom Chocolate Recipes: How to Make Magic Mushroom Chocolates
This recipe provides step by step directions on how you can make mushroom chocolates with the necessary ingredients. Read to learn more!

Why Do People Use Psilocybin? New Johns Hopkins Study
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicines has just published a new study on psychoactive effects of psilocybin. Read here to learn more.

How-To Lemon Tek: Ultimate Guide and Recipe
This master guide will teach you how to lemon tek, preventing the onset of negative effects after consuming psilocybin. Read to learn more!

How to Intensify a Mushroom Trip
Learn about techniques like Lemon tekking, or discover the right time to consume cannabis if you are looking to intensify a mushroom trip.

How to Grow Magic Mushrooms: Step-by-Step
This step-by-step guide will show you how to grow magic mushrooms at home. Read this guide before trying it on your own.

How to Dry Magic Mushrooms: Best Practices
Read to learn more about specifics for the best practices on how to dry magic mushrooms after harvesting season.

How to Buy Psilocybin Spores
Interested in psilocybin mushrooms? We’ll walk you through all you need to know to obtain mushroom spores. Nosh on this delish How To guide.

Hippie Flipping: When Shrooms and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Explore the mechanics of hippie flipping and how to safely experiment.

Having Sex on Shrooms: Good or Bad Idea?
Is having sex on shrooms a good idea or an accident waiting to happen? Find out in our guide to sex on magic mushrooms.

Gold Cap Shrooms Guide: Spores, Effects, Identification
Read this guide to learn more about the different characteristics of gold cap mushrooms, and how they differ from other psilocybin species.

Guide to Cooking with Magic Mushrooms
From cookies to smoothies and sandwiches, we cover various methods of cooking with magic mushrooms for the ultimate snack.

2020 Election: The Decriminalize Psilocybin Movement
Are you curious if mushrooms will follow in marijuana’s footsteps? Read to learn about how the U.S. is moving to decriminalize psilocybin.

Oregon’s Initiative to Legalize Mushrooms | Initiative Petition 34
Oregon continues to push ahead with their initiative to legalize Psilocybin in 2020. The measure received its official title and now needs signatures.

Canada Approves Psilocybin Treatment for Terminally-Ill Cancer Patients
Canada’s Minister of Health, Patty Hajdu approved the use of psilocybin to help ease anxiety and depression of four terminal cancer patients.

DMT (N,N-Dimethyltryptamine)

Mapping the DMT Experience
With only firsthand experiences to share, how can we fully map the DMT experience? Let’s explore what we know about this powerful psychedelic.

Guide to Machine Elves and Other DMT Entities
This guide discusses machine elves, clockwork elves, and other common DMT entities that people experience during a DMT trip.

Is the DMT Experience a Hallucination? 
What if the DMT realm was the real world, and our everyday lives were merely a game we had chosen to play?

How to Store DMT
Not sure how to store DMT? Read this piece to learn the best practices and elements of advice to keep your stuff fresh.

What Does 5-MeO-DMT Show Us About Consciousness?
How does our brain differentiate between what’s real and what’s not? Read to learn what can 5-MeO-DMT show us about consciousness.

How to Smoke DMT: Processes Explained
There are many ways to smoke DMT and we’ve outlined some of the best processes to consider before embarking on your journey.

How to Ground After DMT
Knowing what to expect from a DMT comedown can help you integrate the experience to gain as much value as possible from your journey.

How To Get DMT
What kind of plants contain DMT? Are there other ways to access this psychedelic? Read on to learn more about how to get DMT.

How DMT is Made: Everything You Need to Know
Ever wonder how to make DMT? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how DMT is made.

Having Sex on DMT: What You Need to Know
Have you ever wondered about sex on DMT? Learn how the God Molecule can influence your intimate experiences.

Does the Human Brain Make DMT? 
With scientific evidence showing us DMT in the brain, what can we conclude it is there for? Read on to learn more.

How to Use DMT Vape Pens
Read to learn all about DMT vape pens including: what to know when vaping, what to expect when purchasing a DMT cartridge, and vaping safely.

DMT Resources
This article is a comprehensive DMT resource providing extensive information from studies, books, documentaries, and more. Check it out!

Differentiating DMT and Near-Death Experiences
Some say there are similarities between a DMT trip and death. Read our guide on differentiating DMT and near-death experiences to find out.

DMT Research from 1956 to the Edge of Time
From a representative sample of a suitably psychedelic crowd, you’d be hard pressed to find someone who couldn’t tell you all about Albert Hofmann’s enchanted bicycle ride after swallowing what turned out to be a massive dose of LSD. Far fewer, however, could tell you much about the world’s first DMT trip.

The Ultimate Guide to DMT Pricing
Check out our ultimate guide on DMT pricing to learn what to expect when purchasing DMT for your first time.

DMT Milking | Reality Sandwich
Indigenous cultures have used 5-MeO-DMT for centuries. With the surge in demand for psychedelic toad milk, is DMT Milking harming the frogs?

Why Does DMT Pervade Nature?
With the presence of DMT in nature everywhere – including human brains – why does it continue to baffle science?

DMT Substance Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to DMT has everything you want to know about this powerful psychedelic referred to as “the spirit molecule”.

DMT for Depression: Paving the Way for New Medicine
We’ve been waiting for an effective depression treatment. Studies show DMT for depression works even for treatment resistant patients.

Beating Addiction with DMT
Psychedelics have been studied for their help overcoming addiction. Read how DMT is helping addicts beat their substance abuse issues.

DMT Extraction: Behind the Scientific Process
Take a look at DMT extraction and the scientific process involved. Learn all you need to know including procedures and safety.

Microdosing DMT & Common Dosages Explained
Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing DMT.

DMT Art: A Look Behind Visionary Creations
An entire genre of artwork is inspired by psychedelic trips with DMT. Read to learn about the entities and visions behind DMT art.

Changa vs. DMT: What You Need to Know
While similar (changa contains DMT), each drug has its own unique effect and feeling. Let’s compare and contrast changa vs DMT.

5-MeO-DMT Guide: Effects, Benefits, Safety, and Legality
5-Meo-DMT comes from the Sonora Desert toad. Here is everything you want to know about 5-Meo-DMT and how it compares to 4-AcO-DMT.

4-AcO-DMT Guide: Benefits, Effects, Safety, and Legality
This guide tells you everything about 4 AcO DMT & 5 MeO DMT, that belong to the tryptamine class, and are similar but slightly different to DMT.

LSD Guides (lysergic acid diethylamide)

How Much Does LSD Cost? When shopping around for that magical psychedelic substance, there can be many uncertainties when new to buying LSD. You may be wondering how much does LSD cost? In this article, we will discuss what to expect when purchasing LSD on the black market, what forms LSD is sold in, and the standard breakdown of buying LSD in quantity.   Navy Use of LSD on the Dark Web The dark web is increasingly popular for purchasing illegal substances. The US Navy has now noticed this trend with their staff. Read to learn more.   Having Sex on LSD: What You Need to Know Can you have sex on LSD? Read our guide to learn everything about sex on acid, from lowered inhibitions to LSD users quotes on sex while tripping.   A Drug That Switches off an LSD Trip A pharmaceutical company is developing an “off-switch” drug for an LSD trip, in the case that a bad trip can happen. Some would say there is no such thing.   Queen of Hearts: An Interview with Liz Elliot on Tim Leary and LSD The history of psychedelia, particularly the British experience, has been almost totally written by men. Of the women involved, especially those who were in the thick of it, little has been written either by or about them. A notable exception is Liz Elliot.   LSD Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety LSD, Lysergic acid diethylamide, or just acid is one of the most important psychedelics ever discovered. What did history teach us?   Microdosing LSD & Common Dosage Explained Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing LSD.   LSD Resources Curious to learn more about LSD? This guide includes comprehensive LSD resources containing books, studies and more.   LSD as a Spiritual Aid There is common consent that the evolution of mankind is paralleled by the increase and expansion of consciousness. From the described process of how consciousness originates and develops, it becomes evident that its growth depends on its faculty of perception. Therefore every means of improving this faculty should be used.   Legendary LSD Blotter Art: A Hidden Craftsmanship Have you ever heard of LSD blotter art? Explore the trippy world of LSD art and some of the top artists of LSD blotter art.   LSD and Exercise: Does it Work? LSD and exercise? Learn why high-performing athletes are taking hits of LSD to improve their overall potential.   Jan Bastiaans Treated Holocaust Survivors with LSD Dutch psychiatrist, Jan Bastiaans administered LSD-assisted therapy to survivors of the Holocaust. A true war hero and pioneer of psychedelic-therapy.   LSD and Spiritual Awakening I give thanks for LSD, which provided the opening that led me to India in 1971 and brought me to Neem Karoli Baba, known as Maharajji. Maharajji is described by the Indians as a “knower of hearts.”   How LSD is Made: Everything You Need to Know Ever wonder how to make LSD? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how LSD is made.   How to Store LSD: Best Practices Learn the best way to store LSD, including the proper temperature and conditions to maximize how long LSD lasts when stored.   Bicycle Day: The Discovery of LSD Every year on April 19th, psychonauts join forces to celebrate Bicycle Day. Learn about the famous day when Albert Hoffman first discovered the effects of LSD.   Cary Grant: A Hollywood Legend On LSD Cary Grant was a famous actor during the 1930’s-60’s But did you know Grant experimented with LSD? Read our guide to learn more.   Albert Hofmann: LSD — My Problem Child Learn about Albert Hofmann and his discovery of LSD, along with the story of Bicycle Day and why it marks a historic milestone.   Babies are High: What Does LSD Do To Your Brain What do LSD and babies have in common? Researchers at the Imperial College in London discover that an adult’s brain on LSD looks like a baby’s brain.   1P LSD: Effects, Benefits, Safety Explained 1P LSD is an analogue of LSD and homologue of ALD-25. Here is everything you want to know about 1P LSD and how it compares to LSD.   Francis Crick, DNA & LSD Type ‘Francis Crick LSD’ into Google, and the result will be 30,000 links. Many sites claim that Crick (one of the two men responsible for discovering the structure of DNA), was either under the influence of LSD at the time of his revelation or used the drug to help with his thought processes during his research. Is this true?   What Happens If You Overdose on LSD? A recent article presented three individuals who overdosed on LSD. Though the experience was unpleasant, the outcomes were remarkably positive.

Ayahuasca Guides

The Ayahuasca Experience
Ayahuasca is both a medicine and a visionary aid. You can employ ayahuasca for physical, mental, emotional and spiritual repair, and you can engage with the power of ayahuasca for deeper insight and realization. If you consider attainment of knowledge in the broadest perspective, you can say that at all times, ayahuasca heals.


Trippy Talk: Meet Ayahuasca with Sitaramaya Sita and PlantTeachers
Sitaramaya Sita is a spiritual herbalist, pusangera, and plant wisdom practitioner formally trained in the Shipibo ayahuasca tradition.


The Therapeutic Value of Ayahuasca
My best description of the impact of ayahuasca is that it’s a rocket boost to psychospiritual growth and unfolding, my professional specialty during my thirty-five years of private practice.


Microdosing Ayahuasca: Common Dosage Explained
What is ayahuasca made of and what is considered a microdose? Explore insights with an experienced Peruvian brewmaster and learn more about this practice.


Ayahuasca Makes Neuron Babies in Your Brain
Researchers from Beckley/Sant Pau Research Program have shared the latest findings in their study on the effects of ayahuasca on neurogenesis.


The Fatimiya Sufi Order and Ayahuasca
In this interview, the founder of the Fatimiya Sufi Order,  N. Wahid Azal, discusses the history and uses of plant medicines in Islamic and pre-Islamic mystery schools.


Consideration Ayahuasca for Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Research indicates that ayahuasca mimics mechanisms of currently accepted treatments for PTSD. In order to understand the implications of ayahuasca treatment, we need to understand how PTSD develops.


Brainwaves on Ayahuasca: A Waking Dream State
In a study researchers shared discoveries showing ingredients found in Ayahuasca impact the brainwaves causing a “waking dream” state.


Cannabis and Ayahuasca: Mixing Entheogenic Plants
Cannabis and Ayahuasca: most people believe they shouldn’t be mixed. Read this personal experience peppered with thoughts from a pro cannabis Peruvian Shaman.


Ayahuasca Retreat 101: Everything You Need to Know to Brave the Brew
Ayahuasca has been known to be a powerful medicinal substance for millennia. However, until recently, it was only found in the jungle. Word of its deeply healing and cleansing properties has begun to spread across the world as many modern, Western individuals are seeking spiritual, mental, emotional, and physical well-being. More ayahuasca retreat centers are emerging in the Amazon and worldwide to meet the demand.


Ayahuasca Helps with Grief
A new study published in psychopharmacology found that ayahuasca helped those suffering from the loss of a loved one up to a year after treatment.


Ayahuasca Benefits: Clinical Improvements for Six Months
Ayahuasca benefits can last six months according to studies. Read here to learn about the clinical improvements from drinking the brew.


Ayahuasca Culture: Indigenous, Western, And The Future
Ayahuasca has been use for generations in the Amazon. With the rise of retreats and the brew leaving the rainforest how is ayahuasca culture changing?


Ayahuasca Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
The Amazonian brew, Ayahuasca has a long history and wide use. Read our guide to learn all about the tea from its beginnings up to modern-day interest.


Ayahuasca and the Godhead: An Interview with Wahid Azal of the Fatimiya Sufi Order
Wahid Azal, a Sufi mystic of The Fatimiya Sufi Order and an Islamic scholar, talks about entheogens, Sufism, mythology, and metaphysics.


Ayahuasca and the Feminine: Women’s Roles, Healing, Retreats, and More
Ayahuasca is lovingly called “grandmother” or “mother” by many. Just how feminine is the brew? Read to learn all about women and ayahuasca.

Ketamine Guides

What Is the Standard of Care for Ketamine Treatments?
Ketamine therapy is on the rise in light of its powerful results for treatment-resistant depression. But, what is the current standard of care for ketamine? Read to find out.

What Is Dissociation and How Does Ketamine Create It?
Dissociation can take on multiple forms. So, what is dissociation like and how does ketamine create it? Read to find out.

Having Sex on Ketamine: Getting Physical on a Dissociative
Curious about what it could feel like to have sex on a dissociate? Find out all the answers in our guide to sex on ketamine.

Special K: The Party Drug
Special K refers to Ketamine when used recreationally. Learn the trends as well as safety information around this substance.

Kitty Flipping: When Ketamine and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Read to explore the mechanics of kitty flipping.

Ketamine vs. Esketamine: 3 Important Differences Explained
Ketamine and esketamine are used to treat depression. But what’s the difference between them? Read to learn which one is right for you: ketamine vs. esketamine.

Guide to Ketamine Treatments: Understanding the New Approach
Ketamine is becoming more popular as more people are seeing its benefits. Is ketamine a fit? Read our guide for all you need to know about ketamine treatments.

Ketamine Treatment for Eating Disorders
Ketamine is becoming a promising treatment for various mental health conditions. Read to learn how individuals can use ketamine treatment for eating disorders.

Ketamine Resources, Studies, and Trusted Information
Curious to learn more about ketamine? This guide includes comprehensive ketamine resources containing books, studies and more.

Ketamine Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to ketamine has everything you need to know about this “dissociative anesthetic” and how it is being studied for depression treatment.

Ketamine for Depression: A Mental Health Breakthrough
While antidepressants work for some, many others find no relief. Read to learn about the therapeutic uses of ketamine for depression.

Ketamine for Addiction: Treatments Offering Hope
New treatments are offering hope to individuals suffering from addiction diseases. Read to learn how ketamine for addiction is providing breakthrough results.

Microdosing Ketamine & Common Dosages Explained
Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing ketamine.

How to Ease a Ketamine Comedown
Knowing what to expect when you come down from ketamine can help integrate the experience to gain as much value as possible.

How to Store Ketamine: Best Practices
Learn the best ways how to store ketamine, including the proper temperature and conditions to maximize how long ketamine lasts when stored.

How To Buy Ketamine: Is There Legal Ketamine Online?
Learn exactly where it’s legal to buy ketamine, and if it’s possible to purchase legal ketamine on the internet.

How Long Does Ketamine Stay in Your System?
How long does ketamine stay in your system? Are there lasting effects on your body? Read to discover the answers!

How Ketamine is Made: Everything You Need to Know
Ever wonder how to make Ketamine? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how Ketamine is made.

Colorado on Ketamine: First Responders Waiver Programs
Fallout continues after Elijah McClain. Despite opposing recommendations from some city council, Colorado State Health panel recommends the continued use of ketamine by medics for those demonstrating “excited delirium” or “extreme agitation”.

Types of Ketamine: Learn the Differences & Uses for Each
Learn about the different types of ketamine and what they are used for—and what type might be right for you. Read now to find out!

MDMA / Ecstasy Guides

Kitty Flipping: When Ketamine and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Read to explore the mechanics of kitty flipping.

MDMA & Ecstasy Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to MDMA has everything you want to know about Ecstasy from how it was developed in 1912 to why it’s being studied today.

How To Get the Most out of Taking MDMA as a Couple
Taking MDMA as a couple can lead to exciting experiences. Read here to learn how to get the most of of this love drug in your relationship.

Common MDMA Dosage & Microdosing Explained
Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing MDMA.

Having Sex on MDMA: What You Need to Know
MDMA is known as the love drug… Read our guide to learn all about sex on MDMA and why it is beginning to makes its way into couple’s therapy.

How MDMA is Made: Common Procedures Explained
Ever wonder how to make MDMA? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how MDMA is made.

Hippie Flipping: When Shrooms and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Explore the mechanics of hippie flipping and how to safely experiment.

Cocaine Guides

How Cocaine is Made: Common Procedures Explained
Ever wonder how to make cocaine? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how cocaine is made.

A Christmas Sweater with Santa and Cocaine
This week, Walmart came under fire for a “Let it Snow” Christmas sweater depicting Santa with lines of cocaine. Columbia is not merry about it.

Ultimate Cocaine Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
This guide covers what you need to know about Cocaine, including common effects and uses, legality, safety precautions and top trends today.

NEWS: An FDA-Approved Cocaine Nasal Spray
The FDA approved a cocaine nasal spray called Numbrino, which has raised suspicions that the pharmaceutical company, Lannett Company Inc., paid off the FDA..

Cannabis Guides

The Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Bioavailability
What is bioavailability and how can it affect the overall efficacy of a psychedelic substance? Read to learn more.

Cannabis Research Explains Sociability Behaviors
New research by Dr. Giovanni Marsicano shows social behavioral changes occur as a result of less energy available to the neurons. Read here to learn more.

The Cannabis Shaman
If recreational and medical use of marijuana is becoming accepted, can the spiritual use as well? Experiential journalist Rak Razam interviews Hamilton Souther, founder of the 420 Cannabis Shamanism movement…

Cannabis Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to Cannabis has everything you want to know about this popular substances that has psychedelic properties.

Cannabis and Ayahuasca: Mixing Entheogenic Plants
Cannabis and Ayahuasca: most people believe they shouldn’t be mixed. Read this personal experience peppered with thoughts from a procannabis Peruvian Shaman.

CBD-Rich Cannabis Versus Single-Molecule CBD
A ground-breaking study has documented the superior therapeutic properties of whole plant Cannabis extract as compared to synthetic cannabidiol (CBD), challenging the medical-industrial complex’s notion that “crude” botanical preparations are less effective than single-molecule compounds.

Cannabis Has Always Been a Medicine
Modern science has already confirmed the efficacy of cannabis for most uses described in the ancient medical texts, but prohibitionists still claim that medical cannabis is “just a ruse.”

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