Macrohistories can be pigeon-holed in many ways. They
fall into two clearly distinguishable types: those that describe recurring
patterns that repeat throughout all or part of history, and those
that describe a single program of history that happens only once, in one big,
broad, one-way-flowing series of stages, that covers all of history, with no
stage ever repeating itself. The first type gets you thinking like the author
of Ecclesiastes, who stressed that "there is nothing [really] new under
the sun." The second type leads you to believe the opposite — that every
moment is a first-time, unique event.
Macrohistories that fall into Type One include those
of Toynbee, P. R. Sarkar, traditional Hinduism, and various economists'
descriptions of economic boom and bust. Type Two macrohistories include those
of Comte, Marx and Engels, Alvin Toffler, Ken Wilber, feminist macrohistorians
Shulamith Firestone and Riane Eisler, and Western religious traditions
(Judaism, Christianity, Islam). The three macrohistories I present here are
The macrohistorical approach to futures activity is
important as it firmly deals with the often-heard criticism that most ideas
about futures studies reflect a Western-biased, U.S.-Eurocentric view of the
world. Effective macrohistories are just as often the anonymous products of the
deep wisdom of non-Western, non-modern cultures as they are the brainchildren
of noted Western (or non-Western) scholars or thinkers.
The three macrohistories — or models, as I call them
— presented in this essay, though filtered through the mind of a semi-Western
non-scholar (myself), have their origins in the anonymous wisdom of three
cultures, two of which are Eastern. They reflect, I would say, the striven-for
cultural impartiality. I will feel that this goal is achieved if Eastern
futures people accuse this presentation of being Ameri-Eurocentric while
Western ones accuse it of flaky "new-age" Easternism.
What about prediction, or anticipating concrete
future directions with a degree of meaningful and useful accuracy? Can
macrohistories do that too? Well, yes, I feel — if the macrohistory in
question deals with a deep-enough structural level of history. If it doesn't,
you are safer going to your local fortune-teller than to a macrohistorian. But
I'll get to that in the next few paragraphs.
The deeper levels of history are predetermined and
set the parameters within which we can exercise our free will as freely as
those parameters allow.
"The future is unpredictable." You hear
that often in popular circles and media. But this "truism" is far
from true. For though history has surface
structures, the events and trends we see on the 6 o'clock news
or read about in the morning paper, it also has deep
structures, basic underlying trends which are
"programmed" into history. These are easy to predict once we
understand what they are, and they help us to predict a lot about surface trends
Maybe two examples of deep structures not directly
connected with history will make this clear: the human body and the life
What people do with their bodies — and minds — is
basically unpredictable. But almost everyone has the same
"predictable" body: Before a person is born, we know in advance that
he or she will have either a female or male body, two eyes, two ears, one head,
no tail, etc.
The life cycle is another deep structure. We can
predict that everyone will go from birth, to infancy, to childhood, to adulthood,
etc., in that order. Never once in human history has a person been an old man
or woman before they were a child. (I may be the only exception to this rule.)
What a person does during these
stages, however, the surface structure is of course pretty unpredictable.
History has the same kind of deep structures. Here
I'll discuss three of them, which I call models: the Age Model, the Sex Model,
and the Caste Model.
I stumbled on these models, actually, macrohistories,
and started matching them up to history as we are familiar with it. They
naturally led to making forecasts based on them. But the forecasts seemed so
crazy at the time, 1975, that I said, "such things could never
happen," and discarded the whole idea.
But then surprising events happened exactly according
to the models: religious revolution in Iran, Anwar Sadat's trip to Israel,
intense US-Japan trade friction, and others. So I let my intuitions go all the
way with the models — "crazy" predictions and all — which led to
the writing of The Spiritual
Imperative: Sex, Age, and the Last Caste (which covers the models in detail).
Not only do the models seem to explain history more
clearly, simply, orderly, and convincingly than other macrohistories, but they
also, judging by events and trends of the last 26 years, seem to correctly
This essay contains only the broad outlines of the
models, concentrating on the most interesting of the three, the Caste Model.
Because of this, some of the forecasts may seem far-fetched and not deducible
from the general principles of the models.??
The Age Model
The Age Model is the idea
that the life of humanity as a whole evolves parallel to the life of a single
person. That is, we can divide history into at least six stages in the
development of human consciousness, each of which corresponds to a stage in the
life cycle of any individual.
Stage 1 I call the No-Center-Yet stage. It was early
humanity up to about 250,000 years ago. Humans were still part of Nature. This
stage corresponds to the Newborn Infant, when the baby is unconscious of itself
as a separate individual.
Stage 2 was the magical-prehistoric stage of animism
or "Nature-worship," the Self-is-the-Center stage, from 250,000 years
ago to c.10,000 BC. Each tribe saw itself as the center of the world. This
corresponds to Infancy, when the baby sees itself as the center of the world,
the narcissistic stage.
Stage 3, the Mother-is-the-Center stage, was when the
first civilizations arose, based on agriculture and worship of the Great Earth
Mother Goddess. It lasted from c.10,000 to 2000 BC. It corresponds to Early
Childhood, when the baby sees its mother as the center of the world.
Stage 4 was the Father-is-the-Center stage. Worship
switched to God, the Father in Heaven, male gods, saviors, and divine kings
like the Japanese Emperor. It lasted from c.2000 BC until the European
Renaissance and the Enlightenment of the 16th-17th centuries. It
corresponds to Late Childhood and Early Teenage, when the child sees its father
as the center of its life.
Stage 5 is the rejection of God-the-Father, the age
of revolution and democracy, communism, and other ideologies. It started in
c.1650 and still continues. It corresponds to Middle and Late Teenage, when the
teenager rebels against the father and parental authority in general. It's the
The Future of Religion and the
Question of Survival
That's where we are now in history, with the human
race about 19 years old. Which brings us to the future.
The next stage (6) is the worship of God-Within, God as
one's deeper Self. This corresponds to Adulthood. One is one's own authority,
self-reliant, autonomous. I call this the Centered Self stage.
When I say that humanity is 19, I mean that this is
the age of the powerful or leading countries — the US, Russia, Western Europe.
Most countries are "younger," a few older: the socially advanced
countries such as the Netherlands and Scandinavia. They are 23 to 25 years old.
What does this help us "predict"?
First, the future religion. We are moving away from
the worship of Nature, Mother Earth, or Father in Heaven, and beyond Rebellion
against these through secularism, communism, capitalism, and materialism — the
"religions" of our childhood and adolescence — to adult religion. That is, to finding God within, inside the Self,
listening to the Inner Voice.
Second, we can predict the chances of human survival
in the face of nuclear and environmental destruction or overpopulation. They
are the same chances that the normal adolescent has, to come through the storms
and conflicts of adolescence and to make it to adulthood. I think only 1-2% do
not make it. But since most countries are still "adolescent," a great
deal of destruction and conflict still lie ahead. It gets worse before it gets
The Sex Model
The War Between the Sexes
division yin and yang pervades all culture, history, economics, nature itself;
modern Western versions of sex discrimination are only the most recent
Firestone (founding feminist), The Dialectic of Sex.
This model, stated simply, is: Humanity evolves
according to a sexual dialectic from Female to Male to Androgynous.
Based on the Chinese idea that all things are a
balance between yin, the female
principle, and yang, the male
principle, the model tells us that the human race evolves through three sexual
ages of history. To make this really clear I should define these terms in
detail, as I do in my book, but here brevity must prevail!
The first age was the Yin, or Female Age. It corresponds to the prehistoric period, when
humanity lived with a world view that we traditionally associate with the
female principle: in harmony with, close to, attached to nature, the
environment, the group; subjective; weak in ego, individuality, and
self-assertion; self-sacrificing; having a sense of the world as being
completely alive; holistic; relating to the world through feeling and emotional
involvement; the heart.
This age was followed by the Yang, Male Age. It
corresponds to the entire historical period, from the Patriarchal Revolution at
the Dawn of History (c.2000 BC) until today. So it's the whole period of male
supremacy and class society. Humans developed the features of the male
principle: detachment from the environment and nature; objective; a strong ego,
individuality and self-assertion; a sense of the world as being non-living
matter governed by impersonal laws and divided into parts; classifying,
analyzing; measuring; thinking rationally and scientifically; mental and
intellectual; wanting to conquer, exploit and change nature, the environment,
other people; the mind.
Sexual Division of the World into
East and West
At the Dawn of History, the start of the Yang Age,
the world split sexually into East and West. The yang worldview developed
further in the West than in the East, reaching its peak with Western science
and high technology.
Jerusalem, the focus of Western religion and culture
— especially of the very male-toned Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — became
the world's yang-male pole; Varanasi (Benares), the focus of Eastern world
religions and culture (Hinduism and Buddhism, which are more female in
character), became its yin-female pole. That is, Eastern culture stayed closer
to humanity's prehistoric yin origins, and did not become yang enough, while Western
culture suppressed most of its female "roots" and became too yang.
Yangness also developed further among men than women,
in the cities than in the countryside, and in the upper classes than in the
Our Androgynous Future
What does the Sex Model say about the future? The
future is the third, Androgynous
an integrated, even balance of yin and yang. It brings back the yin without
dropping the yang. So anything that in the past was either too yang or too yin
will become sexually balanced.
The recent movements and trends that reflect this
will continue. The West will continue to see a revival of subjectivity,
feelings, reliance on hunches and intuition; holism, harmony with nature,
ecology, animal rights; the elimination of excessive or all meat-eating; the
end of sport hunting and cruel sports; integration of Eastern and Western
religions and culture; the disappearance of sex roles, sexual inequality, and
class structure; looking at the big picture and synthesizing instead of just
analyzing; emphasis on cooperation, less on competition and confrontation;
acceptance of homosexuality; etc. In the East, of course, the trends will
continue in the opposite, yang direction in the relevant areas.
The new androgyny will especially affect the role of
women in politics and society, and sexual-love relationships between the sexes.
In the near-future, early Androgynous Age, women will
outnumber men as heads of state and in upper political echelons — especially
in the most yang, Islamic countries. This is in equal reaction to men having
dominated politics for so long during the Yang Age. But in the long run, both
sexes will share high political positions roughly equally.?
No Longer Too Yang To Really Be In
Love — Peace Between the Sexes At Last?
Regarding sex, affection, and love, we notice that
men and women, in the Yang Age, developed opposite sexual styles: Men tended to
be sexually detached: Even when strongly "in love," they became
attracted to many women sexually, and would act on this if given the chance.
Women, conversely, after sex with a man, tended to get emotionally attached to
him even when not really "in love" with him, and felt a need to avoid
sex with other men even when attracted to them.
These opposite tendencies reflect the basic yin and
yang difference. Women, being more yin than yang, get attached to their
environment, in this case, a male partner. Men, in their leaning toward the
yang, stay detached from it, in this case, a series of female partners. In gay
society, the more yang and more yin partners reflect the same tendencies,
respectively, as in the straight world.
But as both men and women become more androgynous,
they will combine the two styles: both sexes will combine sexual partnership
with sexual variety, that is, deep sexual-love relationships together with sex
with more than one person. Brought up as we are at the tail end of the Yang
Age, this is hard for us to imagine. But our androgynous grandchildren will
easily carry this off.
The Spiral of History
The Caste Model originates in India. It is derived
from — but in important ways differs from — the traditional Hindu philosophy
of caste, which was also the theory behind the notorious caste system. That
caste philosophy, together with the Hindu cosmology, forms the Hindu
(macrohistorical, to be sure) philosophy of history. But, as sI aid, Indian
culture is yinnish, and so thinks of history as cyclical. To correct this yin bias,
I interpret the original Hindu philosophy with a Western-yang, linear twist to
make it androgynous and more correct in relation to how it actually unfolded in
The Caste Model, like its Hindu prototype, says that
there are 4 main castes in the world. Everyone has features of all four, but
usually the features of one predominate. That is the caste a person
"belongs" to. These 4 castes are:
The religious or spiritual caste — the brahmans
The warrior caste — the kshattriyas
The merchant caste — the vaishvas
The worker caste — the shudras
Each caste rules the world in turn, in the above
order, taking power from the caste before it through "caste
What does "a caste rules the world" mean?
It means that during the Age (yuga, in Sanskrit)
a particular caste rules:
Its leaders or
top class are the world's ruling elite;
and spirit are the dominant ones worldwide;
And the tools,
skills, and institutions that develop most in that Age are connected with that
Then, at the end of the last, Worker Age, the kaliyuga in Sanskrit, after all 4 castes have ruled, the
spiritual-religious brahman caste takes power again: the world experiences
spiritual rebirth, and a second Spiritual-Religious Age starts.
So history actually consists of only 5 ages:
Spiritual-Religious Age (No.1) — Satyayuga 1
Warrior Age —
Merchant Age —
Worker Age —
Spiritual-Religious Age (No.2) — Satyayuga 2
In my East-West androgynous interpretation, this
"cycle" occurs only once, covering all of human history. That is,
Spiritual-Religious Age No.1 was the transition from animal to human life,
while Spiritual-Religious Age No.2 will be the transition from human to
superhuman life — a step up in evolution and the beginning of a new, you might
say, "post-human" cycle. In other words, unlike the original Hindu
view of history as endlessly repeating cycles, human history, consisting of
only one single cycle, thus forms a
Smaller Patterns in the Bigger
If we look back over the history of this caste
struggle, that is, over history itself, we see that it has many different
patterns. One is that these caste ages get shorter and shorter except for the
two spiritual-religious ages, which are very long.
But the most important pattern is that a caste
struggles to top power through three distinctly different stages:
The first is the pioneering stage. This stage
unfolds in the world's main power centers, where the ruling caste rules from.
During this stage, the rising caste organizes itself and sets up pockets of
power and opposition to the ruling caste. But it does not actually rule
The second stage is the revolutionary-evolutionary stage. Here the
rising caste takes power in some countries, usually outside the main centers of
world power, in "backward" countries, through revolution.
These revolutionary countries become new great powers
that now challenge the established great powers, the countries from which the
old caste still rules the world.
But at the same time, the rising caste takes power in
these established main power centers, the world's leading countries, as well,
but by evolution, not revolution.
The third and last stage in a caste's rise is the peak
stage. In this stage the rising caste is at the height of
its power and rules the world — but is also ripe for falling. This stage
unfolds in those countries that have evolved to be most in tune with the spirit
and worldview of that caste. These countries most "belong" to the caste,
and become the great powers of that caste age.
Since the castes are in struggle, these three stages
overlap: While one caste is at its peak, the one behind it is in its
revolutionary-evolutionary stage, while the caste behind that one is
This process tells us — this is important! — that
countries belonging to the falling caste, though the great powers of the
moment, lose world power to the countries belonging to the new, rising caste. That is, the Caste Model explains why great powers rose
and fell in the past, and helps predict which countries will rise and fall in
This will become clear as we now look at each caste
age, yuga, in turn.?
Spiritual-Religious Age No.1
The Spiritual-Religious Age No.1 was all of
prehistory and the following period in which the great world religions
developed: Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, and
The following Warrior Age was the
period of military monarchy, that is, ancient and medieval history, from about
4000 BC to the 16th, early 17th centuries.
The ruling elite was the top of the warrior caste:
the kings, emperors, nobility, leading samurai, etc. The dominant worldview was
the love of warfare, heroism, armed combat, machismo. Today's pre-industrial
Third World countries still live in this age, which is why military cliques and
monarchs still have the main power in these countries, and why they easily go
to war with each other or internally to solve problems.
The last great powers of that Warrior Age, marking
the warrior caste's peak stage in the 16th century, were Spain, Portugal, the Hapsburg
and Ottoman Empires, Ming China, and Mogul India.?
The Merchant Age was the
period of entrepreneurial capitalism, from about 1650 until the mid-20th
century. The world ruling elite was the top of the merchant caste: the leading
financiers and pre-industrial mercantile traders and (later) industrial
entrepreneurs: the Mellons, Rockefellers, Carnegies, Morgans, Moritas, Hondas,
The dominant worldview was the pursuit of money and
wealth through trade, business, industry, and mercantile imperialism.
Skipping over the pioneering stage, the revolutionary-evolutionary stage of the
merchant caste rise to power unfolded roughly from 1600 to the 1860s. During
this stage, all the revolutions were merchant-caste, so-called
"bourgeois" revolutions. The most important, in order of occurrence,
were the Dutch revolution against Spain, the British Civil War of the 1640s,
the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and, from the early 1860s to
early 1870s, the unification of Germany and Italy, Japan's Meiji Restoration,
and the US Civil War. These revolutions eventually made all these countries
Meanwhile, in those countries without such revolutions
— Austria-Hungary, Spain, Portugal, etc. — the merchant-caste bourgeoisie
also took power, but by evolution rather than revolution.
The peak stage of the
Merchant Age was the period before, during, and after World War II. If you
remember, the peak stage of a caste's rise to power takes place in those
countries that evolve to be most in tune with the worldview of that caste. The
worldview of the merchant caste is the pursuit of money and wealth. So, since
the US developed to
be most in tune with that worldview, it became the top world power during this
The Worker Age is the
present period of communism (state capitalism) and welfare-state, socialist,
social-democratic, and big-corporate capitalism. It stretches from the
beginning of the 20th century to about 2030 AD. So from here the Caste Model
takes us into the future.
The main worldview of this age and ruling caste, the
worker caste, is devotion to and identification with one's work, job,
expertise, profession, or company: the idolatry of Work.
The ruling elite, the top of the worker caste, is
Milovan Djilas' "new class" and what John Galbraith and Theodore
Roszak call the technostructure or something
similar. In the still-socialist countries, it consists of the top levels of the
Communist Party, the government, the military, and industry. In the capitalist
countries it's the top managers of the big corporations, governments, and labor
The worker caste's revolutionary-evolutionary
stage lasted from 1917 to about 1979. During this period,
the nature of revolution changed from "bourgeois" merchant-caste to
"socialist" revolution. Countries which had such revolutions,
especially the Soviet Union and China, became new
The Near Future — The Peak Stage
of the Worker Age
Now we are entering the peak
stage of the worker caste's rise, which will last until
about 2030. This stage will have two important features. The first is that the
world will continue to divide itself up into blocs — both in the
industrialized North and in the mainly Third World South. The second feature is
that the North will continue to be more powerful than the South, and will
divide itself into 3 gigantic blocs, competing with but also collaborating with
The bloc, or multinational union, replaces
imperialism in this Worker Age. Space is too limited here to explain why and
how this happens, and which countries will join which blocs, but these are
treated at length in my book.
Confucio: The most
powerful bloc in the North, thus in the world, will be one that I call
Confucio. It will consist of the neighboring countries that share the Confucian
tradition and other features — Japan, China, Taiwan, and North and South Korea
reunified into a single Korea.?? Confucio will be the world's top power
because, following the pattern for peak stages I mentioned earlier, these
countries, strongly influenced by their common Confucian tradition, will be
those most in tune with the worker-caste world view of devotion to work, job,
expertise, and company.
Europa: The second
most powerful bloc in the North and world will be Europa. Europa will be an
expansion of the European Union to include all of Eastern Europe, including the
three Baltics, but not Russia, the other ex-Soviet republics, and perhaps not
Switzerland nor Scandinavia.
Polario: The third
most powerful bloc in the world will be Polario. Polario will consist of the
United States, Canada, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Georgia, possibly
Mexico, and probably all 5 Scandinavian countries.
I call this bloc Polario because it mainly comprises
the four giant countries and regions that neighbor each other around the North
I put this bloc as third and last in the Northern
power hierarchy because, of the three Northern blocs, except for Canada and
Scandinavia, it will be the least in tune with the worker-caste worldview of
devotion to Work. For it will be the most held back by outdated merchant-caste
traditions related to devotion to the pursuit of individual money and wealth.?
Spiritual-Religious Age No. 2
This age, already started, will last beyond the 21st
century. Its dominant world view, as its name implies, will be religious and
spiritual. This means both a return to religion in its old established forms as
well as the development of spirituality and mysticism outside established
Eventually, established and fundamentalist religions
and sects will become less fundamentalist and more generally spiritual. The Age
and Sex Models explain the reasons for this:
(1) Today's established religions come down from
humanity's childhood and adolescence, and from its Yin and Yang Ages. But the
religion of the future, the two models tell us, will be adult and androgynous.
That is, all religions will become individualistic God-Within oriented, and
will not visualize God as either man or woman. So, as Sri Aurobindo said,
"The Age of Religion is over; Spirituality is the future of
(2) As the Sex Model implies, feminist revolution,
particularly the increasingly leading role women and feministic men will play
within established religions, will set even their most fundamentalist sects in
the direction of this adult, androgynous spirituality. Fundamentalism and
extreme orthodoxy are based on male supremacy, the repression of the female
principle, and religious leadership either by bearded male patriarchs or by
clean-shaven men with strong patriarchal tendencies. Fundamentalism and female
top leadership are contradictions that cannot coexist. So, as women take over
leadership of even the most fundamentalist religious denominations, as they
will continue to be determined to do, they subtly de-fundamentalize and
The world ruling elite, the top of the
spiritual-religious caste, will include traditional religious leaders, gurus,
mullahs, rabbis, etc., but also people outside established
religion who are considered spiritual. Fakes and charlatans will be among both
Despite this elite, this age coincides with the Sex
Model's Androgynous Age. So it marks the end of power hierarchies, class
structures, and male supremacy: Gradually, the distinction between ruling elite
and rank and file, leaders and followers, will flatten out and disappear.?
The Three Stages of the Rise of the
Now let's look at the actual past and future
"history" of this age — its 3 stages:
Stage of the Spiritual-Religious Age
stage of the new spiritual-religious caste's rise, which
lasted from the 1950s through the 1970s, featured, on one side, the appearance
of the counterculture: beatniks, hippies, the human potentials movement,
transpersonal theory, etc. On the other side it featured masses of people being
"born again" into established religions and fundamentalist sects, or
joining new religions, Eastern religions or paths, and guru-led new-age groups.
stage of the new spiritual-religious caste's rise to power
started in 1979 with the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Lasting for the next 30-40
years, it overlaps with the peak stage of the Worker Age.
During this time, the nature of revolution changes
again, this time from socialist/communist to religious revolution. Afghanistan was/is the
Religious revolutions will happen in countries within
what I call the Religious Belt. This belt
stretches from Bangladesh, Tibet, and Bhutan in the East, west across India and
the Islamic heartland, Israel, across North Africa to Morocco.
But at the same time as some of these countries
experience religious revolution, the spiritual-religious caste and its
worldview will take power in the Religious Belt as a whole and in the
industrialized North as well, but by evolution instead of revolution.
As religious revolution sweeps the Religious Belt,
the Belt will divide up, I feel, into roughly four blocs. Remember, revolution
makes countries powerful. As a result of the political and economic power
generated by these revolutions, reinforced by the world dominance of religious
and spiritual worldviews, world power will again shift, this time from
Confucio, Europa, and Polario to these four religious-spiritual blocs, which I
The South Asian, or Bharati, Federation, consisting
of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and
The Central Asian Islamic Federation, consisting
of Afghanistan, Iran, perhaps Turkey, the ex-Soviet Islamic republics, and
The Pan-Semitic Federation, consisting
of Israel, the Palestine Republic, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and all
the countries of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Maghreb Federation, consisting
of the North African countries minus Egypt.
Two of these blocs, the Bharati and Pan-Semitic
Federations, will be the main great powers of the mid-21st century. There is
time to mention only two reasons for their rise to power:
One is because religion and spirituality, the areas
these two blocs will excel in, will become the main source of economic as well
as spiritual power during this period. In the Warrior Age, military power was
the source of all power. In the Merchant and Worker Ages, that is, over the
last 350 years, economic power, as we know, has become the foundation for
military power. But in the next age, spiritual power will be the source of
economic, therefore military, therefore all power.
The second reason for the rise to power,
particularly, of the Pan-Semitic Federation will be the migration, for at least
four different reasons detailed in my book, of at least 2 million American and
Canadian Jews to Israel — and the return of large numbers of Palestinian
refugees to the Palestine Republic.
Bear in mind, however, that power is not just the
coercive-manipulative-type military, economic, and knowledge power we are most
accustomed to, and that characterizes the Warrior, Merchant, and Worker Ages,
respectively (and that Alvin Toffler explains so well in his book Powershift). There is also spiritual power.
These two blocs will not just be economically,
militarily, and mentally powerful, they will also be spiritually powerful, with
a strong spiritual influence over the rest of the world.
As I contemplate the rise of these two blocs, I am
amazed how the prophecies of the world religions — Hinduism, Judaism, Islam,
and Christianity — seem to uncannily correspond to this natural historical
Finally, in the peak
stage of the Spiritual-Religious Age No. 2, from about
2050 on, the world and its spirituality will have evolved to where the rest of
the world will have caught up to the Religious Belt powers, so that there will
be no great powers to speak of. All the blocs will have become roughly equal in
economic and spiritual development.
But human spirituality will have deepened to where it
starts integrating those elements of our "roots," our yin prehistoric
childhood past, that have been repressed by the traditional yang world
religions of the Religious Belt. These elements are mainly the body, nature,
and sexuality, all of which were essential to the religious feeling of
prehistoric cultures on every continent. These feelings are somewhat alive
today only among the indigenous cultures: native North and South American,
Siberian, tribal in various Asian countries, and native Australian, New
Zealand, and Oceanian — and, of course, in Africa.
The only world region where these feelings have not
been suppressed beyond recognition is sub-Saharan Africa (and remote parts of
Latin America). Even today, within African Christianity and Islam, these old
religious feelings still live and thrive.
So in the early peak stage, until the world
completely integrates these repressed elements into its spirituality, the last
great power of history, sub-Saharan Africa (and to some extent Latin America), because of
its spiritual power, will have the strongest influence.??
In this paper I've tried to explain the three
macrohistories based on Age, Sex, and Caste, and what they seem to tell us
about the future. If you find them to be true broad descriptions of history,
you could, I'm sure, find in them other suggestions about where we're headed,
based on your own interpretation of them from your own personal experience.
Those of you interested in the logic behind the
forecasts in more detail may contact me via e-mail at elitov (at) hotmail.com to obtain a signed copy
of the book, The
Spiritual Imperative: Sex, Age, and the Last Caste (Listprice:
Image: "Yin-Yang, Computer Generated Image" by mamjodh, courtesy of Creative Commons license.