Guide to Psychedelics’ Influence on Modern Religion

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Religious Experience

Religious experiences can be had by many methods; meditation, fasting, feats of endurance, the list goes on.  One method in particular, however, has proven consistently reliable – psychedelics.  In the 60s, a generation of young people were gifted direct religious experiences thanks to the discovery of LSD.  This led to a fascination with Eastern religions, such as Buddhism and Hinduism, that had maps for such experiences.  Many uncovered the mystic strands in the faiths of their culture of origin.  Many questions arose.  Why did these substances evoke religious experiences? Could they have played a role in the development of religion?  If so, why was this strand of psychedelic gnosis ultimately lost?

What Are Entheogens?

In the 1970s, a small group of ethnobotanists, ethnomycologists, and scholars of mythology found themselves concerned with these questions.  For the previous four decades, Western academia had been fumbling around for the right term for these mind-altering compounds.  Early on, psychiatrists had opted for “psychotomimetics”, as they hypothesized that these chemicals could produce temporary psychosis.  The ecstatic visions of many who took chemicals such as mescaline and LSD, however, made it clear that a new name was needed.  “Hallucinogen” was tried out in an attempt to capture the visionary aspect of their effects, but it missed out on the spiritual qualities of the experience.  “Psychedelic”, meaning “mind manifesting”, really caught on, but, in the eyes of some, was contaminated by the association with 60s pop culture.  This group felt a new term was needed, one that captured the religious nature of the experience.  They settled on “entheogen”, a substance that generates the divine within.

The World’s First Religion

Humans have likely been consuming psychoactive plants and fungi since before we were even human.  Life in the wild requires hard-won knowledge of the effects of different naturally occurring substances.  Our ancestors could hardly have missed the profoundly mind-altering effects of psychoactive vegetation and mushrooms.  Plant-based shamanism can be considered as humanity’s first religion, suggesting a role for psychedelics in religious practice right from the start.  Given the prevalence of visions and of divine sacraments in the major religious traditions of the world today, is it possible that psychedelics may have had a profound influence on them?

The Entheogen Theory of Religion

One member of this group of scholars was R. Gordon Wasson, the ethnomycologist who first brought psilocybin mushrooms to the west.  Profoundly impacted by his experience with psilocybin mushrooms, Wasson argued that mind-altering substances, particularly the Amanita muscaria mushroom, lay at the roots of religion.  He went on to argue for his Entheogen Theory of Religion by analyzing a multitude of religious texts.  His work promoted controversy that has persisted to today.  Was he right? Or were these simply the wild speculations of a psychedelic enthusiast?  To answer these questions, we have to go back to the religious texts of the ancient world.

Ancient Psychedelic Sacraments

The oldest religious text in existence is the Rig Veda of Hinduism.  If one is interested in the possibility that psychedelic shamanism may have morphed into the religions we recognize today, this is the place to look.  In the Rig Veda, it is said that the writers consumed a plant they called Soma.  Soma referred to not only the plant, however, but also a God in a pantheon of gods. This indicates a continuity with the animistic beliefs of humans everywhere, prior to the emergence of civilization.  

From Animism to Gods

Before the large societies that could support what we would recognize as organized religion developed, humans appeared to have held variants of animistic beliefs.  In animistic worldviews, every natural thing, whether living or not, is seen as being animated by a non-material spirit.  The spirit of the river is responsible for making the river flow, the spirit of the tree is responsible for making the tree grow.  This pantheon of animating spirits can be seen as one step away from a pantheon of gods, especially if some of those gods are identified with plants and natural processes. Soma may reflect the moment shamanic medicine transformed into a religious sacrament.

What Was Soma?

“We have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered.”  These lines from the Rig Veda show that whatever Soma was, it was profoundly psychoactive.  The botanical description, however, indicates that this was no normal plant.  It had no leaves, blossoms, or seeds; no roots, trunk, or branches.  R. Gordon Wasson argued that Soma was the psychoactive Amanita muscaria toadstool, used today by indigenous peoples of Siberia in their shamanic practices.  Psychedelic plants typically require preparation in order to reveal their psychoactive properties, while psychoactive fungi can be eaten directly.  The Rig Veda attests that Soma could be eaten directly, fitting with it being a fungus.  It also indicates that its mind-altering effects could be attained by drinking the urine of someone who has consumed Soma, something that is true of the Amanita muscaria toadstool and is practiced in Siberian shamanism.  Whether or not the sacrament was Amanita muscaria, the writers of the Rig Veda tell us directly, this substance was seriously entheogenic.

Ancient Mystery Religions

Meanwhile, in ancient Greece, another entheogenic sacrament was being enjoyed.  We have no name for the religion in which this sacrament was used but it represents a key cultural force during this period that was crucial to the development of Western civilization.  During this period, the ancient Greeks took part in an autumnal ritual in the city of Eleusis, where the rites of Demeter were performed.  Demeter was a goddess of agriculture, and during the harvest celebrations in her honor, participants would consume an entheogenic beer made from barley.  This potion was known as the Kykeon, meaning mixed beverage.  The entheogenic effects of this drink were recorded by Plato following his participants in the rituals, known today as the Eleusinian mysteries.  In his Phaedo, Plato writes ”our mysteries had a very real meaning: he that has been purified and initiated shall dwell with the gods”.   

What Was in the Kykeon?

In addition to theorizing about Soma, Wasson also performed research into the Kykeon.  He teamed up with the discoverer of LSD Albert Hoffman and Boston University classicist Carl Ruck in order to write The Road to Eleusis.  This landmark book proposed that the psychoactive component of the Kykeon came from ergot, a fungus that commonly grows on barley, and from which LSD was first extracted.  Ergot contains other psychoactive alkaloids, but also toxic substances.  The team proposed that the brewers of the Kyekon knew how to prepare a potion from ergotized beer that reduced the toxicity while preserving the psychoactivity and it was drinking this potion that inspired the likes of Plato, Aristotle, and Marcus Aurelius.

From Shamanism to Religion

Could the Soma and the Kykeon both be sacraments inherited from shamanic traditions that predate even these ancient cultures?  Ancient Greek and Sanskrit are both linguistic descendants of another language, Proto-Indo-European, or PIE.  Little is known about the speakers of PIE, but they are thought to have lived around the Black Sea and likely served as the cultural foundation for both the ancient Greeks and ancient Hindus.  We can’t know for certain, but it is possible that PIE culture had a psychedelic sacrament that first developed out of shamanic practices and subsequently evolved into the Kykeon in the East and Soma in the West.

guide to psychedelics influence on modern religion
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The World’s Major Religions

Psychedelics continue to be used as religious sacraments today.  The mescaline-containing cactus, Peyote, is currently used by the Native American Church in the US, while the DMT-containing ayahuasca is used by the União do Vegetal and Santo Daime churches of Brazil.  Go to any Catholic mass today, and you’ll see people eating a cracker and drinking wine in a ritual fashion.  These substances do not produce altered states, so why are they consumed?  Given that actual substances exist that can produce religious experiences when ingested, could it be that these sacraments were originally psychoactive and what we’re left with today is an empty initiation of the real thing? We have written evidence that entheogenic sacraments were being consumed in the ancient world, East and West.  These cultures evolved into some of the major world religions of today.  Were their psychoactive sacraments carried over, or were they lost along the way?


The sacraments of bread and wine are central to Christianity.  Why consume these substances during a religious ceremony?  Could it be that the original sacraments contained something more entheogenic than alcohol?  In The Immortality Key: The Secret History of the Religion With No Name, author Brian Muraresku argues that the tradition of the psychedelic potion continued from the Kykeon of ancient Greece to the wine cult of Dionysis.  He provided evidence that this was no ordinary wine and suggested that the Christian sacrament may have been a similar wine, spiked with a psychedelic substance.

If Christian holy wine used to be psychedelic, why isn’t it anymore?  Entheogenic sacraments represent a gnostic strand in religion, one where all can have access to direct spiritual knowledge.  This is in stark contrast to hierarchical forms of organized religion, where gatekeepers attempt to control access to religious revelation.  We know that the second camp has historically come to dominate Christianity, driving out the gnostic influences.  A psychedelic sacrament may have been a central casualty of the suppression.

There is no doubt about the psychoactivity of the Christain sacrament used by one particular strand of this religion, the ayahuasca churches of Brazil.  The Santo Daime and Uniao do Vegetal (UDV) churches consume ayahuasca during their ceremonies, a ritual that reflects the integration of indigenous shamanic traditions into the Chrsitian mass.


While wandering in the desert, the Israelites are said to have received a divine food from heaven called manna.  This food that emerged from the ground overnight has been argued to have been a psychedelic fungus.  Cognitive scientist Benny Shannon has speculated that during this time, the ancient Hebrews may have been drinking their own version of ayahuasca, brewed from the bark of the acacia tree and Peganum harmala.  According to this theory, the vision of God’s presence in the burning bush was fueled by DMT.  While this theory is speculative, one thing is known for sure–cannabis was being used.  Archeochemical evidence of burnt cannabis and frankincense have been found on the altar of an ancient Jewish temple, where it was presumably used as a particularly powerful incense.


After looking at the dazzling interiors of a few mosques, you could be forgiven for assuming that there’s some deep connection between psychedelics and Islam.  As an Abrahamic religion that builds on the foundations of Judaism and Christianity, Islam can be argued to inherit their potential psychedelic legacy.  Islam itself, however, favors an abstinence-based approach when it comes to mind-altering substances.  This even includes alcohol, itself a word that comes from the Islamic world.  Sufism, a mystical strand of Islam, has had connections to hashish smoking for spiritual purposes.  Today, the Fatimiya Sufi Order has embraced ayahuasca as its sacrament.


The texts of the Soma-drinking peoples of the Indus River Valley eventually became the oldest scriptures of Hinduism.  In addition to this mystery plant or fungus, cannabis has played an important role in the spiritual practice of devotees of Shiva.  Shiva is said to have fallen asleep under a cannabis plant after an argument with his family.  After waking and trying the leaves, they became his favorite food.

In India, cannabis is consumed in many forms.  Bhang is the weakest, consisting of the ground leaves of the cannabis plant, which are added to drinks such as lassi during the festival of Holi.  Ganja, made from the flowers and upper leaves of the female plant, is a stronger preparation.  The strongest are charas and hashish. Charas is made from flowers when they are in bloom and contains high amounts of resin. Similar in strength is hashish, which is made by pressing the small hairs of the cannabis plant, called trichomes, that act as resin-producing glands.  While bhang is eaten or drunk, the rest are smoked in a clay pipe called a chillum.  Smoking is typically a communal activity.  Religious ascetics called Sadhus often smoke cannabis through chillums on their path to transcendence.


While most drugs, including alcohol and tobacco are prohibited in Sikhism, one exception is made–cannabis, or “sukha”.  Cannabis can be smoked but, in some strands of Sikhism, edible cannabis, called “Shaheedi Degh”,  is also used in a ritual context.  During the middle ages in the Indian subcontinent, bhang was sometimes drunk by soldiers before battle.  It is said that in one battle, the army of Sikh leader Gobind Singh was faced with an elephant wielding a sword in its trunk.  One soldier was given a cocktail of bhang and opium by his leader, and this potion gave him the courage to face and kill the elephant.  Today, the Nihang Sikhs of Punjab consume bhang and opium.  It is defended as an old tradition and is intended to help with meditation.  Sikhism draws a lot on Hinduism, accounting for the common use of cannabis in both religions.


Mike Crowley, author of Secret Drugs of Buddhism, has argued that in both Hinduism and Buddhism, the blue peacock acted as a symbol for psilocybin mushrooms.  Psilocybin breaks down into psilocin and, when this happens, the chemicals give off a blue appearance.  As a result, mushrooms like psilocybe cubensis turn blue when bruised, and this color may have resonated with the appearance of the peacock.  The soma of the Vedas is also referred to as amrita, and this is the name of the sacrament consumed in Tibetan Buddhism.  In this tradition, amrita is also associated with peacocks.  Furthermore, the name of a Hindu order of monks who worship Shiva, matta-mayuri, translates as “the intoxicated peacocks”.  According to Crowley, this may be explained by the peacock symbolizing a psychedelic mushroom sacrament.

The deliriant datura has traditionally been used in Tibetan Buddhism.  A paste made from the seeds can be applied to the skin, formed into pills, placed in the eyes, or the wood can be burnt and the smoke inhaled in religious ceremonies.  Datura has been found at the site of cave paintings, indicating that it may have a strong legacy of being used in visionary religious ceremonies.  As with the other major religions of the Indian subcontinent, cannabis appears to have also been used.  Tibetan Buddhism formed out of the merger between Buddhism and the indigenous, shamanistic Bon religion of Tibet.  It may be this direct link to a shamanistic religion that accounts for the presence of mind-altering substances in this particular Buddhist tradition.

Western Buddhism has had a deep link with psychedelics, both emerging on the US scene in the 50s and 60s.  Both acted as avenues for self-transcendence and have been linked in Western culture ever since.  An exploration of the relationship between psychedelics and Buddhism can be found in a collection of essays entitled Zig Zag Zen: Buddhism and Psychedelics.

Psychedelic Sacraments of the Future

We are living through a renaissance of research into psychedelics.  In addition to the clinical work, however, there is interest in the links to religion.  Since Harvard’s Marsh Chapel experiment of the 60s, where seminary students were dosed with psilocybin during a Good Friday ceremony, theology and psychedelic research has been connected.  This connection has been explored in the book Sacred Medicine by one of the key experts in the area, Bill Richards.  More recently, the best-selling Immortality Key by Brian Muraresku opens with an expression of hope for a psychedelic religious reformation, in which psychedelic sacraments will be central to the Christianity of the future.  Similarly, Rabbi Zac Kamenetz has founded a non-profit called Shefa, with the aim of integrating psychedelics into Jewish spiritual practice.  Alongside the ayahuasca churches that exist today, the connection between psychedelics and religion looks set to no longer be confined to the past.

Psychedelic Resources

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R. Gordon Wasson: Author and Mushroom Expert
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Quantum Mechanics, Reality, and Magic Mushrooms
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Psilocybin Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
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The Psilocybin Experience: What’s the Deal With Magic Mushrooms?
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Psilocybin and Magic Mushroom Resources
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Paul Stamets Profile: Mushroom Guru, Filmmaker, Nutritionist, Scientist
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Microdosing Psilocybin & Common Dosage Explained
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Psilocybin Nasal Spray: Relief for Anxiety, PTSD, and Depression
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Mazatec Mushroom Usage: Notes on Approach, Setting and Species for Curious Psilonauts
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María Sabina: The Mazatec Magic Mushroom Woman
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Guide to Magic Mushroom Strains
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Kilindi Iyi: Mycologist, Traveler, Teacher
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How to Store Shrooms: Best Practices
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Shroom Chocolate Recipes: How to Make Magic Mushroom Chocolates
This recipe provides step by step directions on how you can make mushroom chocolates with the necessary ingredients. Read to learn more!

Why Do People Use Psilocybin? New Johns Hopkins Study
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How-To Lemon Tek: Ultimate Guide and Recipe
This master guide will teach you how to lemon tek, preventing the onset of negative effects after consuming psilocybin. Read to learn more!

How to Intensify a Mushroom Trip
Learn about techniques like Lemon tekking, or discover the right time to consume cannabis if you are looking to intensify a mushroom trip.

How to Grow Magic Mushrooms: Step-by-Step
This step-by-step guide will show you how to grow magic mushrooms at home. Read this guide before trying it on your own.

How to Dry Magic Mushrooms: Best Practices
Read to learn more about specifics for the best practices on how to dry magic mushrooms after harvesting season.

How to Buy Psilocybin Spores
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Hippie Flipping: When Shrooms and Molly Meet
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Having Sex on Shrooms: Good or Bad Idea?
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Gold Cap Shrooms Guide: Spores, Effects, Identification
Read this guide to learn more about the different characteristics of gold cap mushrooms, and how they differ from other psilocybin species.

Guide to Cooking with Magic Mushrooms
From cookies to smoothies and sandwiches, we cover various methods of cooking with magic mushrooms for the ultimate snack.

2020 Election: The Decriminalize Psilocybin Movement
Are you curious if mushrooms will follow in marijuana’s footsteps? Read to learn about how the U.S. is moving to decriminalize psilocybin.

Oregon’s Initiative to Legalize Mushrooms | Initiative Petition 34
Oregon continues to push ahead with their initiative to legalize Psilocybin in 2020. The measure received its official title and now needs signatures.

Canada Approves Psilocybin Treatment for Terminally-Ill Cancer Patients
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Mapping the DMT Experience
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Guide to Machine Elves and Other DMT Entities
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Is the DMT Experience a Hallucination? 
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How to Store DMT
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What Does 5-MeO-DMT Show Us About Consciousness?
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How to Smoke DMT: Processes Explained
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How to Ground After DMT
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How To Get DMT
What kind of plants contain DMT? Are there other ways to access this psychedelic? Read on to learn more about how to get DMT.

How DMT is Made: Everything You Need to Know
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Having Sex on DMT: What You Need to Know
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Does the Human Brain Make DMT? 
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How to Use DMT Vape Pens
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DMT Resources
This article is a comprehensive DMT resource providing extensive information from studies, books, documentaries, and more. Check it out!

Differentiating DMT and Near-Death Experiences
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DMT Research from 1956 to the Edge of Time
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The Ultimate Guide to DMT Pricing
Check out our ultimate guide on DMT pricing to learn what to expect when purchasing DMT for your first time.

DMT Milking | Reality Sandwich
Indigenous cultures have used 5-MeO-DMT for centuries. With the surge in demand for psychedelic toad milk, is DMT Milking harming the frogs?

Why Does DMT Pervade Nature?
With the presence of DMT in nature everywhere – including human brains – why does it continue to baffle science?

DMT Substance Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
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DMT for Depression: Paving the Way for New Medicine
We’ve been waiting for an effective depression treatment. Studies show DMT for depression works even for treatment resistant patients.

Beating Addiction with DMT
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DMT Extraction: Behind the Scientific Process
Take a look at DMT extraction and the scientific process involved. Learn all you need to know including procedures and safety.

Microdosing DMT & Common Dosages Explained
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DMT Art: A Look Behind Visionary Creations
An entire genre of artwork is inspired by psychedelic trips with DMT. Read to learn about the entities and visions behind DMT art.

Changa vs. DMT: What You Need to Know
While similar (changa contains DMT), each drug has its own unique effect and feeling. Let’s compare and contrast changa vs DMT.

5-MeO-DMT Guide: Effects, Benefits, Safety, and Legality
5-Meo-DMT comes from the Sonora Desert toad. Here is everything you want to know about 5-Meo-DMT and how it compares to 4-AcO-DMT.

4-AcO-DMT Guide: Benefits, Effects, Safety, and Legality
This guide tells you everything about 4 AcO DMT & 5 MeO DMT, that belong to the tryptamine class, and are similar but slightly different to DMT.

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The Ayahuasca Experience
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Microdosing Ayahuasca: Common Dosage Explained
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The Fatimiya Sufi Order and Ayahuasca
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Ayahuasca Helps with Grief
A new study published in psychopharmacology found that ayahuasca helped those suffering from the loss of a loved one up to a year after treatment.


Ayahuasca Benefits: Clinical Improvements for Six Months
Ayahuasca benefits can last six months according to studies. Read here to learn about the clinical improvements from drinking the brew.


Ayahuasca Culture: Indigenous, Western, And The Future
Ayahuasca has been use for generations in the Amazon. With the rise of retreats and the brew leaving the rainforest how is ayahuasca culture changing?


Ayahuasca Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
The Amazonian brew, Ayahuasca has a long history and wide use. Read our guide to learn all about the tea from its beginnings up to modern-day interest.


Ayahuasca and the Godhead: An Interview with Wahid Azal of the Fatimiya Sufi Order
Wahid Azal, a Sufi mystic of The Fatimiya Sufi Order and an Islamic scholar, talks about entheogens, Sufism, mythology, and metaphysics.


Ayahuasca and the Feminine: Women’s Roles, Healing, Retreats, and More
Ayahuasca is lovingly called “grandmother” or “mother” by many. Just how feminine is the brew? Read to learn all about women and ayahuasca.

What Is the Standard of Care for Ketamine Treatments?
Ketamine therapy is on the rise in light of its powerful results for treatment-resistant depression. But, what is the current standard of care for ketamine? Read to find out.

What Is Dissociation and How Does Ketamine Create It?
Dissociation can take on multiple forms. So, what is dissociation like and how does ketamine create it? Read to find out.

Having Sex on Ketamine: Getting Physical on a Dissociative
Curious about what it could feel like to have sex on a dissociate? Find out all the answers in our guide to sex on ketamine.

Special K: The Party Drug
Special K refers to Ketamine when used recreationally. Learn the trends as well as safety information around this substance.

Kitty Flipping: When Ketamine and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Read to explore the mechanics of kitty flipping.

Ketamine vs. Esketamine: 3 Important Differences Explained
Ketamine and esketamine are used to treat depression. But what’s the difference between them? Read to learn which one is right for you: ketamine vs. esketamine.

Guide to Ketamine Treatments: Understanding the New Approach
Ketamine is becoming more popular as more people are seeing its benefits. Is ketamine a fit? Read our guide for all you need to know about ketamine treatments.

Ketamine Treatment for Eating Disorders
Ketamine is becoming a promising treatment for various mental health conditions. Read to learn how individuals can use ketamine treatment for eating disorders.

Ketamine Resources, Studies, and Trusted Information
Curious to learn more about ketamine? This guide includes comprehensive ketamine resources containing books, studies and more.

Ketamine Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to ketamine has everything you need to know about this “dissociative anesthetic” and how it is being studied for depression treatment.

Ketamine for Depression: A Mental Health Breakthrough
While antidepressants work for some, many others find no relief. Read to learn about the therapeutic uses of ketamine for depression.

Ketamine for Addiction: Treatments Offering Hope
New treatments are offering hope to individuals suffering from addiction diseases. Read to learn how ketamine for addiction is providing breakthrough results.

Microdosing Ketamine & Common Dosages Explained
Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing ketamine.

How to Ease a Ketamine Comedown
Knowing what to expect when you come down from ketamine can help integrate the experience to gain as much value as possible.

How to Store Ketamine: Best Practices
Learn the best ways how to store ketamine, including the proper temperature and conditions to maximize how long ketamine lasts when stored.

How To Buy Ketamine: Is There Legal Ketamine Online?
Learn exactly where it’s legal to buy ketamine, and if it’s possible to purchase legal ketamine on the internet.

How Long Does Ketamine Stay in Your System?
How long does ketamine stay in your system? Are there lasting effects on your body? Read to discover the answers!

How Ketamine is Made: Everything You Need to Know
Ever wonder how to make Ketamine? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how Ketamine is made.

Colorado on Ketamine: First Responders Waiver Programs
Fallout continues after Elijah McClain. Despite opposing recommendations from some city council, Colorado State Health panel recommends the continued use of ketamine by medics for those demonstrating “excited delirium” or “extreme agitation”.

Types of Ketamine: Learn the Differences & Uses for Each
Learn about the different types of ketamine and what they are used for—and what type might be right for you. Read now to find out!

Kitty Flipping: When Ketamine and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Read to explore the mechanics of kitty flipping.

MDMA & Ecstasy Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to MDMA has everything you want to know about Ecstasy from how it was developed in 1912 to why it’s being studied today.

How To Get the Most out of Taking MDMA as a Couple
Taking MDMA as a couple can lead to exciting experiences. Read here to learn how to get the most of of this love drug in your relationship.

Common MDMA Dosage & Microdosing Explained
Microdosing, though imperceivable, is showing to have many health benefits–here is everything you want to know about microdosing MDMA.

Having Sex on MDMA: What You Need to Know
MDMA is known as the love drug… Read our guide to learn all about sex on MDMA and why it is beginning to makes its way into couple’s therapy.

How MDMA is Made: Common Procedures Explained
Ever wonder how to make MDMA? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how MDMA is made.

Hippie Flipping: When Shrooms and Molly Meet
What is it, what does it feel like, and how long does it last? Explore the mechanics of hippie flipping and how to safely experiment.

How Cocaine is Made: Common Procedures Explained
Ever wonder how to make cocaine? Read our guide to learn everything you need to know about the procedures of how cocaine is made.

A Christmas Sweater with Santa and Cocaine
This week, Walmart came under fire for a “Let it Snow” Christmas sweater depicting Santa with lines of cocaine. Columbia is not merry about it.

Ultimate Cocaine Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
This guide covers what you need to know about Cocaine, including common effects and uses, legality, safety precautions and top trends today.

NEWS: An FDA-Approved Cocaine Nasal Spray
The FDA approved a cocaine nasal spray called Numbrino, which has raised suspicions that the pharmaceutical company, Lannett Company Inc., paid off the FDA..

The Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Bioavailability
What is bioavailability and how can it affect the overall efficacy of a psychedelic substance? Read to learn more.

Cannabis Research Explains Sociability Behaviors
New research by Dr. Giovanni Marsicano shows social behavioral changes occur as a result of less energy available to the neurons. Read here to learn more.

The Cannabis Shaman
If recreational and medical use of marijuana is becoming accepted, can the spiritual use as well? Experiential journalist Rak Razam interviews Hamilton Souther, founder of the 420 Cannabis Shamanism movement…

Cannabis Guide: Effects, Common Uses, Safety
Our ultimate guide to Cannabis has everything you want to know about this popular substances that has psychedelic properties.

Cannabis and Ayahuasca: Mixing Entheogenic Plants
Cannabis and Ayahuasca: most people believe they shouldn’t be mixed. Read this personal experience peppered with thoughts from a procannabis Peruvian Shaman.

CBD-Rich Cannabis Versus Single-Molecule CBD
A ground-breaking study has documented the superior therapeutic properties of whole plant Cannabis extract as compared to synthetic cannabidiol (CBD), challenging the medical-industrial complex’s notion that “crude” botanical preparations are less effective than single-molecule compounds.

Cannabis Has Always Been a Medicine
Modern science has already confirmed the efficacy of cannabis for most uses described in the ancient medical texts, but prohibitionists still claim that medical cannabis is “just a ruse.”

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